The G20 Sherpas are finalizing part of the final climate document ahead of the two-week Glasgow summit on environmental change. It will open on November 1st. For Moscow, this is an extremely important topic: in conditions of aggravated relations with the West, Russia remains the favorite in the climate sphere. We figured out how our country affects the environment and why the United States and Europe cannot neglect cooperation with the Russian Federation.
Sherpas are official proxies from the G7 and G20 countries; their area of responsibility includes interaction with foreign powers.
On Monday, November 1, another climate forum opens in Glasgow, Scotland, which has been repeatedly postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic. Logically, it will be a continuation of the Paris meeting at the end of 2015. It was then that most countries in the world agreed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
However, the situation was worsened by the coming to power in the United States of Donald Trump, who unilaterally left the agreement. What is symptomatic, it was the American industry that was regarded by experts as the most harmful to the planet’s climate. In second place is China, said Andre Peltier, a Parisian expert, in a conversation with MK, while Russia’s indicators, despite the size of the territory, are more than good.
“Although your country produces perhaps the most oil and gas, there are not so many emissions from the Russian side,” our interlocutor noted. – The main questions are for America and China. We in Europe very much hope that the United States, after Trump’s departure, will be able to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. As for China, we believe you can influence them. At least based on their own interests.
Over the past one and a half hundred years, the temperature on Earth has already increased by an average of about 1 degree Celsius. And while the figure itself does not seem so significant, for the planet as a whole – including, for example, glaciers – this is an impressive figure. According to the BBC, over the past few decades, floods, landslides, and hurricanes have almost doubled in frequency. And the forecasts revealed by scientists show that the so-called point of no return, when most climate changes become irreversible, can be passed by 2030. The Paris Agreement set a limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius of warming per year, but that was not enough.
The goal of the Glasgow conference is to agree on even lower numbers, like 1 degree. In these conditions, the interaction of all countries of the world is vital, notes André Peltier. And it is precisely this issue that is to be resolved at the Glasgow summit.
So far, the new US President, Joseph Biden, has shown a much greater interest in climate issues than his predecessor. However, observers note: the American leader is bound by obligations to his own people, and, therefore, may not be able to help the global ecology.
Be that as it may, the Russian authorities have nothing to worry about. The question is whether Moscow will be able to properly play the “climate factor” in its favor. To neglect such an opportunity would be at least imprudent.
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