Kazakhstan : In the evening, the Kazakh state channel “Khabar” showed a documentary film “Tragic January. How it was”. For the first time, the name of a religious organization whose members took part in the pogroms was mentioned in it. We are talking about the radical cell “Yakyn Inkar”, banned in the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. In the countries of Central Asia, this radical organization, which is a wing of the Tablighi Jamaat movement (also banned in the Russian Federation and the states of Central Asia) has settled since the beginning of 2010. What the followers of the cell are famous for and why they are recognized as an extremist organization, MK understood.
The Yakyn Inkar movement, the literal translation of whose name is Denial of everything except God, was founded in India in 1926. The followers of this movement preach the denial of all the blessings of civilization, calling for the norms of life of the time of the Prophet Muhammad. Cell members do not recognize health care, do not teach children at school. But this sect, in fact, is recognized as extremist in many Asian countries not for this. And for the fact that the adherents of this organization categorically deny the right to the existence of other religions, which falls under the definition of religious extremism.
In addition, the followers of the movement do not consider it necessary to comply with the laws of the state. They also urge not to obey the muftiats and distort the norms of Islam, which is why it is considered extremist in the Muslim community. As Abdulaziz azhy Zakirov, the head of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims (DUM) of the Jalal-Abad region, spoke about them:
“We are against the actions of those people who call themselves “inkar”, “yakyn” and do the wrong things. This is not according to Sharia and not according to the laws. Just lying at home and doing nothing, saying that “God will provide” is completely wrong. You have to work hard and try.”
In Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, this movement has long been recognized as extremist, the activities of the cells were banned. But the adherents of Yakyn Inkar in 2012 managed to gain a foothold in the north of Kyrgyzstan – in the Issyk-Kul and Naryn regions. Later, the ideas of the organization spread in Chui, Osh, Jalal-Abad and Batken regions, as well as in the cities of Tokmak, Bishkek, Kant, Kyzyl-Kiya and Osh.
At first, people in long Pakistani robes, with uncut hair and beards, were looked upon as eccentrics. But then, when more and more supporters began to appear and entire families and villages refused to send their children to schools, receive passports, use healthcare services and generally make contact with the state, the alarm was sounded in Kyrgyzstan.
In 2017, the Yakyn Inkar movement was recognized by the Oktyabrsky District Court of Bishkek as extremist. After that, detentions of its active members began in the country. In 2017, 32 members of Yakyn Inkar were detained in the Osh region. The next one has 16 more people. Many of them received 3-4 years in prison. Last year, their arrest just expired.
After they took up the “Inkarovo” in Kyrgyzstan, they tried to move to Kazakhstan. But in the neighboring country they did not “take a closer look” at the radicals for five years, as was the case in Kyrgyzstan. Already in 2018, the court of Astana recognized this organization as extremist, saying that its goal “is to create a caliphate in a single country, including on the territory of Kazakhstan, which involves a violent change in the constitutional order, a violation of sovereignty.” So this radical cell is widespread did not receive in the country, being “strangled in the bud”,
However, religious scholars believe that Yakyn Inkar cannot be fully considered a terrorist structure, but rather a destructive one. Because its adherents do not work, as a rule, have an untidy appearance, do not have education and do not recognize secular sciences, do not use transport, do not take money in their hands. “This group has certain signs of fanaticism and contradicts not only the traditional forms of Islam, but also the social order, national traditions and progress (science, culture). Therefore, by its nature, it is not extremist or terrorist, but has a destructive orientation,” said the Kyrgyz theologian, expert on religion, director of the analytical center “Religion, Law and Politics” Kadyr Malikov.
All this suggests that the adherents of “Yakyn Inkar” could participate in the riots, but they definitely do not fit the role of organizers and “strike forces” – not the same fighting qualities.