the implementation of projects : At the end of the year, the government of the Russian Federation, “under the Christmas tree”, approved a strategy for digital transformation of the transport industry until 2030. An important section of the document is the development of intelligent transport systems in Russia, including the creation of digital “twins” of road objects for the introduction of unmanned vehicles. MK asked an expert to assess the prospects for promoting these technologies.
In general, financing of the state program “Development of the transport system” until 2023 will amount to about 3.4 trillion rubles. 172.3 billion rubles have been allocated for smart transport systems. Pilot projects have already been launched in a number of regions.
So far, intelligent transport systems are mainly developing in Central Russia. Such systems allow avoiding traffic congestion, optimizing public transport routes, and notifying drivers and passengers about the situation on the road. Intelligent transport systems are usually implemented on toll roads.
Commenting on the results of the implementation of new transport projects within the framework of public-private partnerships, an expert in the field of intelligent transport systems, director of development of integration projects of the Urbantech group of companies Denis Sidorov told MK that the results of the past 2021 for the market are ambiguous:
“On the one hand, the market has not reached pre-pandemic levels. On the other hand, officials have a lot of fears about any expenditure and conditional expenditure obligations – you constantly hear “what if, because of the pandemic, they will again cancel, ban, suspend…”.
According to Denis Sidorov, demand in all areas of the traditional infrastructure business has become lower.
“The construction of airports and highways was mainly affected,” he said. – Surprisingly, but medical institutions are also outsiders, according to our feelings – in a pandemic, the speed of construction was more important than quality, and in this parameter, of course, direct purchase is in the lead. Especially taking into account the “covid” mechanisms for the procurement of buildings with equipment when it comes to emergencies. “
As the expert noted, this is not only about public-private partnership agreements, but about all such projects, including those structured on the basis of the procurement law, including various types of service models and life cycle contracts.
“The market for public-private partnership projects is also under pressure from the growth of costs – both building materials and money itself – and the growth of profitability in other industries – money is“ going ”into more conservative instruments with high returns, – said Denis Sidorov. – Despite this, during the period of the pandemic, the demand of the public side for digitalization of what used to “somehow worked” has grown. Hence the rise of the market in those areas where digital services are most lacking – urban economy, services for citizens, mobility, transport and road management. “
According to the expert, “a vivid example of increased demand is a request to search for violators of construction waste transportation using images using neural networks, which are developed and provided by a government customer.”
“The project has been successfully implemented in the Moscow Region since the third quarter of 2021 and has already been awarded the Governor’s award for the digital transformation of the industry,” the expert recalled. – In fact, there is an intelligent processing of what was previously done in analog mode. It is also worth noting a number of initiatives in the development of “smart transport”: in the field of public transport and traffic management, the value of mathematically calculated and substantiated proposals has grown significantly.
It is no longer enough for customers to say “we will make a lane for buses” – they need to explain how the traffic flow will change and how the cars that have previously traveled along it will be distributed. “
The breakthrough of the year, according to Sidorov, can be considered concession agreements in the field of passenger transportation by urban transport, namely, the renewal of the tram fleet and cable cars.
“We have also launched many projects of intelligent transport systems based on integrated models of“ creation plus maintenance during implementation ”with the involvement of federal subsidies within the framework of the national project“ Safe and High-Quality Roads, ”he said. – But complex concessions in the “near-transport” sphere have difficulties so far – Novosibirsk has not been able to launch “smart stops”. Alarm bells are regularly heard from other regions as well ”.
Speaking about the results of 2021, Sidorov noted the increased interest in the public in the models of public-private partnership.
“But of course, it’s impossible to say that the scheme has become really in demand, especially when it comes to projects“ up to a billion ”,” he said. “Officials remain wary of such initiatives, and the continued focus of supervisory authorities on such medium-sized projects adds to the complexity.”
In the coming 2022, the expert hopes that “the consistency and predictability of decisions made in the field of development of all levels of infrastructure will improve, so that the created systems of“ smart stops ”do not run into not updated car fleets, so that based on the received“ big data ”, reasonable and weighted decisions “.
“Then the positive effect in the existing cases will significantly increase, which means that there will be specific examples that can and should be replicated,” he said. “In the meantime, the market will continue to patch up the holes left by the pandemic, as a result of which the value of many properties and many businesses has undergone a significant revision.”
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