How much money does a Russian need to be happy? According to opinion polls (RBC), in the middle of this year, residents of the country dreamed of having an income of at least 131.6 thousand rubles. But this is on average. In many regions, however, the requests are much more modest. There are places where 35 thousand is a dream, and an impossible one. What salaries do residents of depressed regions dream about and what they have to face on the way to their “dream” – in the material of “MK”
Altai Territory: it’s good to be a cloakroom attendant
Recently, the research service of an online job search platform analyzed resumes in 25 regions of Russia for salary expectations. Barnaul took the last place in this list. Salary expectations of residents of the capital of the Altai Territory are 34% lower than among Russians as a whole. According to this rating, residents of Barnaul will be happy to receive 34,533 rubles a month. While Russians, on average, are looking for vacancies for 53 thousand.
These metrics appeal to investors who like cheap labor. Over the past decade, several major market players have opened their call centers in the Altai Territory and Barnaul. These centers remotely serve subscribers almost all over Russia.
What is the reason for the interest of the “federals”, when their offices would look much more logical in Novosibirsk, the capital of the Siberian Federal District? Critics believe that corporate executives are not driven by good intentions. Altai has a well-developed system of higher education and, accordingly, a cheaper highly qualified labor force. At the same time, regional authorities welcome this approach due to the emergence of new jobs and deductions to the local budget.
There are historical prerequisites for low salaries in Barnaul. The city was founded in the 18th century as a place for smelting silver. In Altai, almost half of this precious metal was mined in the context of the entire Russian Empire. By the end of the 19th century, the silver was over, the Trans-Siberian Railway bypassed Barnaul.
The city tried to become a commercial one, many merchants lived here then, but a revolution and civil war came. Timelessness has come for several decades. The Great Patriotic War served as a new impetus when factories were evacuated to Altai, which was in the deep rear. 14 industrial enterprises were sent to Barnaul, and about 100 to the Altai Territory. The economy immediately revived. Industrial output in Barnaul alone increased 25 times. The standard of living has improved.
In the 1990s, many factories closed or reduced volumes. Now the basis of the economy of the Altai Territory is agriculture, and in Barnaul, almost half of the population works in the service sector, shopping and entertainment centers are growing like mushrooms. The city is the leader in Russia in terms of the number of retail space per capita. And in the agricultural sector and services, salaries are low.
Let’s move on to specific examples. Svetlana Abramova from Barnaul with a specialized higher education and ten years of work experience tried to get a job as an accountant.
“Most of the options in the public or private sector are 20-25 thousand rubles a month,” the girl notes. – There are already many barriers from 30 thousand: to run several companies, perform an extra-large amount of work, work 12-14 hours a day, and, possibly, agree to participate in various financial frauds and muddy accounting schemes.
I was offered a job in the administration of one of the districts for 23 thousand rubles or in one of the city committees for 24 thousand rubles. That is, work in the civil service does not at all guarantee high salaries in Barnaul, all the cream is skimmed by the heads of departments, departments, ministries, apparatus, and not ordinary officials. “
As a result, Svetlana found a job with a private owner for 27 thousand a month. Before that, we had to weed out a lot of “networkers” and other murky personalities who offered “office work”. Such a “big salary” became possible because employment is completely unofficial. The employer will not pay contributions to the pension and insurance funds. Thus, he will save well and agree to pay slightly above the market.
The minimum wage in the Altai Territory is 13 thousand rubles. And there are a lot of vacancies with such an offer. But even for them, people agree to work. Irina Bolotova, a pensioner from Barnaul, receives a pension of 11 thousand rubles. Works in a hospital for 13-15 thousand rubles as a cloakroom attendant. She used to work for the same salary as a janitor at a school, but after a series of terrorist attacks across the country, her grandmothers were banned from her institution and hired a private security company.
“Of course, the salary is small, but the pension is even less, how to live on it,” asks 60-year-old Irina Bolotova. – And also working pensioners were deprived of indexation. If I quit now, my pension will rise to 13,500 rubles in four months.
So you have to choose: plus 2,500 a month without a job or an addition of 13,000 at the expense of your salary. They tell me: go to a private trader and work with a “black” salary. So who will take me? I don’t own a computer, I can’t do physical work, because of arthrosis I can’t even wash the floors – my hands hurt unbearably.
Many of our cleaning ladies have gotten used to “indexing”. They go on vacation followed by dismissal. They wait three or four months for an increase in their pension, and then they get employed again. They can do that, because there are no volunteers in their place. The work is hard, there are no queues. I can’t imagine how young people 30-40 years old can live a month on our salary … And if the family and children …
We have one more technical vacancy for 15 thousand rubles, but people don’t go. But they readily respond to the cloakroom attendant. Mostly retirees. The work is easier and cleaner: sit and give out your jackets, instead of carrying heavy buckets and wringing out dirty rags. Therefore, I temporarily quit and cannot be indexed – they will immediately take the place. So I will work here as long as my health permits, and hope that the indexation will be returned to working pensioners, because how many authorities have already been talking about this …
We do not work because we like it or because we want to take the places of the young. Don’t I dream of relaxing in the country or with my grandchildren? But in order to survive, you have to go to work.
I never wondered what my pension would be. We were taught to love the Motherland, to work for the good of society. I have 35 years of experience in teaching. Now they tell me, they say, since there was a small salary in kindergarten and school, then the pension will be small. I didn’t mess around, didn’t get drunk and didn’t indulge in parasitism. I worked honestly. And now I can’t cover my basic needs: housing, food, medicine. I don’t need a car, yacht, fur coat, equipment, jewelry. But have I earned a modest income? “
Stavropol: moving to Moscow or a hungry life
“My dream job? Sit on Instagram and earn 100 thousand rubles a month, ”says Olga from Stavropol. “Well, do not most young and not so women today dream of such a job?” She adds.
Olga recently quit her job in the civil service, where her monthly salary was about 50-60 thousand rubles. “Together with prizes,” she clarifies: “For the elections, for example, very good prizes were given.”
For most residents of the regional center, and indeed the entire Stavropol Territory, such earnings are now unavailable. The average salary here is 35 thousand rubles, and this amount, taking into account inflation, no longer even covers vital expenses. Olga could afford to go “free floating”, since she does not have a mortgage, and her son has already grown up and has become relatively independent.
“This is not mine – the civil service. I always knew that it was not mine. Working with a psychologist helped me finally make a decision, ”says Olga. She went to a psychologist after a period of remote work in self-isolation, having tasted all the delights of working at home. “No traffic jams in the morning, no unwanted communication, minimum stress. I talk a lot with my family. In the end, I finally feel like I’m living, ”Olga lists the benefits of remote work.
However, she does not agree to any “remote job”: recently she was offered a job on a schedule every three days for 15 thousand rubles. She refused. “In social networks, this money can be earned in just a few hours of work, but here you have to work hard a full day,” Olga explained the reason for the refusal. And it doesn’t matter that now she has no such orders. She is confident that they will appear. With time. After all, others manage to earn money that way.
Today, the Internet is blurring boundaries. Small provinces also began to apply for earnings, which are still available only to residents of megalopolises. Moreover, living expenses in the regions sometimes do not differ from those in the capital. Food, clothing and footwear are not at all cheaper, and now housing prices, including rent, have “skyrocketed”: buying a two-room apartment in Stavropol will cost the same amount as outside the Moscow Ring Road. Renting housing in Stavropol will cost about the same money as near Moscow.
“In recent years, Stavropol has faced the same problem of migration to the south of Russia, due to which Krasnodar has become overpopulated. Those who work remotely or have their own business, not tied to a specific place, wanted a comfortable life where it is warm and sunny. The newcomers greatly “warmed up” the prices of housing and its rent, first in Krasnodar, and now in Stavropol, “says a resident of the regional center Yana.
Taking advantage of the situation, Yana and her husband put up their apartment in Stavropol for sale in order to move to Moscow or the Moscow region. As they explain – closer to the labor market. Yana doesn’t care where she lives – she works “remotely” with an income of 35-40 thousand rubles a month. She can afford such, in her words, “low-paying” job, since the main burden of earnings lies with her husband.
“To earn unfortunate 50-60 thousand rubles a month, I have to work on a shift in the Moscow region for months, seven days a week. I don’t see how my son is growing. Life is passing by. We will go to where I have a job – closer to Moscow. In Stavropol, they offer me 20-25 thousand a month for the same thing. Today it is death by starvation, ”says Oleg, Yana’s husband.
On a shift in the Moscow region, Oleg works with people who come there from all over Russia. “Everyone is saying the same thing: the factories have been closed, there is no work, no earnings. Only civil servants and the military have jobs. So let’s go to conquer Moscow. Never dreamed about it. But life compels, ”he sums up.
“I foresee that at such a pace in the future, quiet provinces will become places for the life of the intelligentsia, where people of intellectual labor will work for good money at a distance. And Moscow and the Moscow region will be flooded with “working people”. And this, mind you, is already happening. People who “work with their hands” are tied to a specific place. And where today is there a job and at least some kind of earnings for those who have their hands in place? At construction sites in Moscow and the Moscow region, ”says Yana.
Crimea: 20,000 rubles – the norm
The average salary in Crimea, according to official data from Rosstat, is 38,826 rubles. Over the past 3 years, it has grown by 9 thousand rubles.
Krymstat reports that the highest official salaries in the republic are received by workers in the financial sector, insurance and mining and construction industries. Their salaries range from 53 thousand to 68 thousand rubles. In fact, the real average salary of Crimeans is about 20 thousand rubles.
If we talk about dreams, then people want to earn three times more, at least!
Anna Boyarintseva, 34 years old, Simferopol, 5 children. Has two higher educations (international economics, legal). Despite the presence of small children, he also tries to work. I chose the direction of the mediator.
– For our big family to live well, without frills, we need from 300 thousand rubles. per month. My children study in a private school, go to a private kindergarten, and this is a considerable cost item. Plus circles, classes, food.
300 thousand rubles for us is still the minimum. I believe that this is a very real income, if you apply all your knowledge. The profession of a mediator is new for Russia, especially for Crimea. I am now at the stage of recognition and information. A mediator is a third party in resolving a conflict or dispute, an independent mediator who treats each of the parties in exactly the same way, without bias. He does not make decisions, but creates an environment for people to find the answers themselves.
At the moment I have a small contribution to our budget. The main burden is on my husband. He works as a maxillary surgeon in four hospitals, from 8 am to 9 pm every day, sometimes on duty at night. Due to the fact that he works so hard, we allow ourselves to live well.
Alexandra Bolbotko, 17 years old, Simferopol, 1st year student of the Faculty of Law. The ambitious girl plans to get a second higher education – state municipal administration, in order to build a career in government agencies.
– Naturally, I plan to earn not the living wage that was established, but somewhere from 30 thousand rubles. For this money, I can pay utility bills, buy food – everything that is essential. I am ready to save a little bit. You can even get more money if you are a good, purposeful person who cares about developing, and not just working for a salary. I have part-time experience. I definitely get somewhere in the summer in order to have my own budget. We discuss the amount in advance, I always work with pleasure, because I appreciate new acquaintances and opportunities.
Stanislav Zabashtanov, 65 years old, Saki, retired social activist.
– Worked as a chief power engineer at the Saki State Clinical Plant. After the layoffs, I could not find a job, since there are no stable enterprises in Crimea, there is really no industry.
Looking at my children and grandchildren, knowing their needs, I can say that in order to provide myself with food, clothing, pay for utilities, not to flaunt with trips abroad, but to live normally in Russia, you need from 50 thousand rubles. for one person. This is without any special deposits, and in order to make ends meet, do not borrow money until payday.
In Saki, real wages range from 15 to 23 thousand rubles. Formally, the average salary can be quite good if you get a job in medicine, resort institutions. But this is again – at first glance. Our privileged managers, accountants, economists. But the staff is forced to drag out a miserable existence. There are many young people with education, but they cannot get a job. There is not enough continuity of generations, as we had in the Soviet Union, where a person was trained for a profession.
Ksenia Popova, 39 years old, Simferopol, photographer, higher education – technical and design.
– I moved to Crimea from Krasnodar four years ago. I work as a freelancer, working with several companies on an ongoing basis. To live in Simferopol alone, in order to feel comfortable, you need to earn at least 200 thousand rubles. This is taking into account that it is necessary to rent an apartment, and they are not cheap here, the prices are almost the same as in Moscow. I am considering buying my own home, but then with a salary of 300 thousand rubles, in order to calmly save one hundred square meters a month. I could buy a car. A large expense item is travel, expensive equipment that needs to be updated periodically.
Also, I invest a lot in my training. While I was saying all this, I realized that 200 thousand would not be enough for me, it would be nice to have 300 thousand. One camera that I want costs 500 thousand rubles. I know that you can earn more as a photographer, therefore, I am constantly improving my professional skills. Perhaps there should be no Crimean orders, but there are such projects in Crimea. A lot of federal funding comes here. And the performers are hired locally. Today I have a floating salary: there is a month when 20 thousand rubles come out, and when and – 70, the most successful month this year, when I earned 136 thousand rubles.
But this is not always the case. Therefore, I look towards the capital in order to go there to work and live in Simferopol. But this is not always the case. Therefore, I look towards the capital in order to go there to work and live in Simferopol. But this is not always the case. Therefore, I look towards the capital in order to go there to work and live in Simferopol.
Maria Andronova, 32 years old, Simferopol, married, daughter 5 years old. Has a higher education – foreign philology (German, English), but cannot find a job to her liking, so she is temporarily a housewife.
– 100 thousand rubles – this money should be enough for a family, for a mortgage, repairs, a car, additional activities for a daughter, so that she grows up as a fully developed child. I would like to be able to be outside the Crimea.
Until 2014, I traveled, traveled around Europe and I miss this time. Today we are provided with a spouse. Our income is enough only for the most essential needs. You can earn decent money only in commercial structures, if we are talking about legal activities. This is trade, PR, advertising. There are no such salaries in government structures. And you can get a profitable place only by acquaintance. I’ve already encountered this.
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