Everyone who visits Europe notes that in settlements there is a speed limit of 50 km / h, while in Russia it is 60 km / h. It would seem – some 10 km / h! But they are often fatal when hitting a pedestrian or collision. But that’s not even the problem.
In most EU countries, even a slight excess of the speed limit is punishable by a fine of hundreds of euros. We have a “rule of non-fines” of +20 km / h, as a result of which the city traffic on a “legal” basis travels at a speed of 80 km / h. This, for reference, is already a restriction for roads outside the city in many European countries. In Europe, they plan to reduce the maximum speed in cities to 30 km / h, and in our country, a flurry of criticism and discontent rises only at the mention of the abolition of the non-fine threshold. Paris already has a speed limit of 30 km / h, and the “golden youth” from Russia does not break the rules here. Fear. And in Norway, for repeatedly exceeding the speed limit, not only large fines are provided, but also imprisonment. Try to travel in our cities, observing the speed limit of 60 km / h. It is problematic to rebuild or perform a maneuver to turn, as the flow went at a speed of 80 km / h and will continue to exceed it. Are there any means to contain it?
Abolishing unpunished “+20” and increasing fines is not an option. We have about 45 million owners of cars alone. It is a powerful force capable of fighting for its own interests. Dmitry Davydov, the author of the 20idei.ru project , proposes, moreover, with the obligation prescribed at the legislative level, to integrate this technically into the vehicles themselves.
In Europe, for example, cars coming off the assembly line in the near future will be equipped with an intelligent speed control system, Intelligent Speed Assistant (ISA), which not only warns the driver about exceeding, but is also capable of forcibly reducing speed. An over-warning can be audible, vibrate, or felt like the kickback of a foot pressing down on the gas pedal. And if the electronics does not register a decrease in speed, then a mechanism for a safe smooth decrease in speed is triggered by, for example, reducing the engine thrust.
Dmitry’s idea seems to be very relevant. Such a “signaling” will return the driver’s control over speed if he is thoughtful or trite on the way. Many motorists already feel this effect on themselves, when the navigator sounds by sound about speeding on a specific section of the road. You just need to activate the warning mode by making changes to the program of the standard multimedia system, which has a built-in navigator.
As for the “kickback” of the pedal, it can be replaced with the option of limiting the speed, which is found even in many budget cars with an electronic gas pedal. Having reached the preset maximum speed (set by the driver), the car stops responding to further pressure on the pedal. Electronics should set the speed threshold itself, focusing on current road signs or other restrictions. Of course, you need to leave the opportunity to “push through” the gas pedal and accelerate the car, for example, for overtaking.
With regard to limiting the power of the motor in order to control the speed of the vehicle, this function is available in cars controlled by autopilot. Therefore, nothing needs to be invented.
The designers already have everything necessary to create the so-called intelligent transport speed assistant. With the proper support of the initiative by the state, we will get the speed limit and a significant reduction in injuries and deaths on the roads of Russia. This is also one of the key goals of the Safe and High-Quality Roads National Project. According to the plans, by 2030 the death rate on the roads should decrease by 2.7 times compared to 2020. And with the introduction of the measures described above, it can become even lower. Therefore, government support for the initiative is extremely important.