The government will allocate an additional 6 billion rubles for payments for children 3-7 years old, Mikhail Mishustin said at a government meeting. This form of support for low-income families was launched in 2020 by decree of President Putin. Payments to families whose per capita income does not exceed the subsistence minimum in the region began on June 1 last year. In April 2021, the rules for calculating such benefits were changed. And the current December is the last month when you can apply to recalculate the amount of benefits under these new rules.
Experts told MK how effective the support measures are being taken by the authorities and what documents are needed to issue the benefit.
On December 2, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said: “Today we will send more than 6 billion rubles to the regions. In addition to almost 305 billion rubles that have already been allocated for these purposes this year, ”he said. The government has also improved control over payments so that those citizens with children who really need help receive help. Now the amount of the payment depends on the financial situation in the family and can be equal to 50, 75 and 100% of the regional subsistence minimum per child. For comparison, in 2020 the amount of the benefit was 50% of the child’s subsistence minimum, that is, almost 5,500 rubles per month.
“The public’s expectations have been confirmed,” Andrey Loboda, a top manager in the field of financial communications, commented on the government’s decision. “Targeted payments for children are the most effective way to help those in need and, in general, to strengthen the institution of the family in Russia.”
According to Mark Goikhman, chief analyst at TeleTrade, the cost of living for a child in Russia for 2021 is set at 11,303 rubles. Next year it is offered in the amount of 12,274 rubles. In different regions, it differs from the general one. For example, in Moscow it is equal to 15 582 rubles. this year and 16,174 rubles. – in the next. Benefits are calculated based on regional levels.
Thus, the additional payment will be approximately 6-15 thousand rubles, which is very useful for parents with small children from 3 to 7 years old. For the economy, this money is small. “The increase for children will be only about 3% of the monthly increase in money in circulation and 0.001% of their total volume,” the expert explained. – The economy will not notice this. People, beneficiaries, will notice. It is important to buy a winter jacket, shoes for a child, pay for classes in a section or a circle. “
Since the size of one payment can be 50.75 or 100% of the subsistence minimum of the region of residence and also depends on the financial situation of a particular family, the differentiation is made as follows:
– 50%, which on average in the country will amount to RUB 5,650, is the base size;
– 75%, which on average in the country will be equal to 8,475 rubles, if, with a payment of 50%, the average per capita family income has not reached the regional subsistence level;
– 100%, which on average in the country will be 11,300 rubles, if with the payment of an allowance in the amount of 75%, the average per capita income still does not reach the regional subsistence minimum.
In general, the main condition for payment is that, taking into account the allowance, the family’s income reaches the subsistence level.
“It cannot be said that this is significant support in comparison with the average European level, where the subsistence minimum per capita is about 400 euros per month, and even in relatively prosperous Moscow the cost of living per capita is only about 215 euros,” continues the conversation Natalya Milchakova, deputy head of IAC “Alpari”. “However, by Russian standards, the support is substantial: a poor family has a chance to actually increase their income.”
At the same time, it should be noted that the government will not help those families with child benefits where both parents do not work without a good reason and have not registered with the employment service. That is, the state will classify such families as those who intend to live exclusively on benefits and not work.